A fringe group of Christians of Jewish descent. Pausl's controversy with Jewish Christians expressed vehemently in Gal. did not spell the end of their way of life and thinking. After the Fall of Jerusalem (70 CE) Christians of similar outlook, Ebionites, were found in small numbers in Syria continuing to observe the Sabbath and other Jewish customs. The apocryphal gospel of the Hebrews, with a favourable account of James the Lord's brother (cf. Acts 15:13–21), may have emanated from this circle. They were unpopular with Jews for being Christians and treated by gentile [[➝ Gentiles]] Christians as heretics. However, the Christian Apologist Justin Martyr (about 150 CE) defended their way of life as being in line with that of the primitive Church at Jerusalem. Irenaeus the Church Father (about 190 CE) deplored their rejection of the tradition of the virgin birth of Jesus. The name, meaning ‘the poor’ in Hebrew, conveys reminiscences of Paul's references to the Jerusalem Christians (e.g. Rom. 15:26) but the notion of Tertullian, around 200 CE, that they derived their name from a certain Ebion is improbable. Epiphanius, bishop of Salamis, about 380 CE attacks the Ebionites for their heretical Christology. He quotes their gospel of the Hebrews which omits Jesus' birth and regards his baptism as the moment of divine initiative. ‘The Ebionites say that the Spirit [[➝ spirit]], which is Christ, came into him and clothed him who was called Jesus.’ They are said to have used only the gospel of Matthew—presumably without its first two chapters.

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  • Ebionites — • Two varieties: the earlier group called Ebionites denied the divinity of Christ; the later Ebionites were a Gnostic sect who believed that matter was eternal and was God s body Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Ebionites     Eb …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • ÉBIONITES — Terme qui dérive de l’hébreu ebion («pauvre») et qui désigne les membres d’une secte judéo chrétienne issue de la première communauté chrétienne de Jérusalem, réfugiée en Transjordanie en 66 67. Plutôt qu’une secte historiquement et… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Ebionites — The Ebionites (Greek: gr. Ἐβιωναῖοι Ebionaioi from Hebrew; he. אביוניםFact|date=June 2008, he. Ebyonim , the Poor Ones ) were an early Jewish Christian sect that lived in and around Judea and Palestine from the 1st to the 4th century.cite book|… …   Wikipedia

  • Ebionites — Ébionisme Les Ébionites étaient une secte religieuse chrétienne qui suivait la Loi juive mais en accord avec la doctrine de Jésus dans son sermon sur la montagne[1]. Image : Le Sermon de la Montagne par Carl Hei …   Wikipédia en Français

  • EBIONITES —    a sect that in the 2nd century sought to combine Judaism and the hopes of Judaism with Christianity, and rejected the authority of St. Paul and of the Pauline writings; they denied the divinity of Christ, and maintained that only the poor as… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • EBIONITES —    an early CHRISTIAN HERESY referred to by IRENAEUS whose BELIEFS are obscure. They are thought to have been a poor JEWISH CHRISTIAN SECT which rejected PAULINE CHRISTIANITY and affirmed the Gospel of Matthew …   Concise dictionary of Religion

  • Ebionites —  Эбиониты …   Вестминстерский словарь теологических терминов

  • Ebionites/wip — Current Lead 9/10/07 versionThe Ebionites (Greek: Ebionaioi from Hebrew; he. אביונים, he. Evyonim, the Poor Ones ) were an early Jewish Christian sect that lived in and around Roman Palestine, or the land of Israel from the 1st to the 5th century …   Wikipedia

  • Évangile des Ébionites — L ouvrage d Épiphane de Salamine, Panarion, s appelle aussi Contre les hérésies. Il constitue la source principale de ce que l on sait sur l Évangile des Èbionites. L’Évangile des Ébionites est le nom traditionnel donné à la description par… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Gospel of the Ebionites — The Gospel of the Ebionites is one of the Jewish Christian Gospels, sharing an affinity with the Gospel of the Hebrews and the Gospel of the Nazoraeans. Jerome names it as being the same as the Gospel of the Hebrews, leading to much confusion.… …   Wikipedia

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